In the beginning God created the universe and the earth. (Genesis 1:1)

ལེའུ་དང་པོ། 1:1



In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth

There was a beginning. It came by command of the Self Existent One (‘gyur med rang-grub dkon mchog gjig pu rje), who is God. His word was the seed cause (rgyu) that made the world come into being at a definite moment in time.


The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters. (Genesis 1:2)

ལེའུ་དང་པོ། 1:2

ཡང་ས་ནི་དབྱིབས་མེད་སྟོང་པ་ཡིན་པ་དང༌། རྒྱ་མཚོ་ཆེན་པོའི་སྟེང་ལ་མུན་ནག་ཡིན་ཞིང་དཀོན་མཆོག་གི་དགོངས་པ་ནི་རྒྱ་མཚོའི་སྟེང་རླུང་ལྟར་རྒྱུ་བཞིན་ཡོད་དོ།


Our Planet Earth is known by astronomers as the watery planet. And from space, because it is watery, it is seen to be blue – as was shown in the famous photograph taken by astronaut William Anders in 1968.  At the beginning it was shapeless and empty, but God’s Spirit was there and He would be giving more commands.


And God said, ‘Let there be light’, and there was light. And God saw that the light was good. And God separated the light from the darkness. And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day. (Genesis 1:3-5)


ལེའུ་དང་པོ། 1:3-5

དེ་ཡང་དཀོན་མཆོག་གིས་“འོད་འབྱུང་ཞིག་”ཅེས་གསུངས་པས། འོད་བྱུང་ངོ༌།


དཀོན་མཆོག་གིས་འོད་ཀྱི་མིང་ལ་ཉིན་མོ་ཞེས་བཏགས། མུན་པའི་མིང་ལ་མཚན་མོ་ཞེས་བཏགས། མཚན་མོ་དང་ཉིན་མོ་བྱུང་བ་དེ་ནི་ཉི་མ་དང་པོའོ།


God gave command for light to be made. And ever since that first day, it had been possible to see that good light which God made (John 1:5).

Then, after that on Days Two to Six, God gave other commands. On Day Two, he made clouds to separate from the ocean, with sky in between. On Day Three he made dry land and plants; on Day Four the sun, moon and stars; on Day Five he made birds and fishes; on Day Six land animals, both wild and tame. And finally, before resting from his work, he made humans to whom he could speak and explain how he had made the world as a place for them to live in and have families.


ལེའུ་དང་པོ། 1:27






(The whole story of Days 1 to 7 of Creation is told in Genesis 1:1-2:4a. See separate post)



Brian Tshering remembers how, when he was at Cambridge 60 years ago, he heard other students talking excitedly; they had learned from their tutors about the Big Bang Theory for the origin of the universe. That idea had first been suggested 25 years beforehand in 1929, when the scientist Edwin Hubble had been able to measure the nature of the light coming from stars. The light from distant stars told him that they were moving away. And the light coming from those which were still more distant told him that they were moving away even faster. From this he had concluded that the universe was expanding; that it had started with something like an explosion from a very small beginning. This Big Bang Theory for the origin of the universe at a definite moment in time remains today the explanation that is most generally accepted by scientists.

Next time we shall read how the Lord God made a perfect home for humans on his earth.


The Garden of Eden

Last time we read how God made a very good world and man as part of it. He made mankind (mi rigs; Hebrew ‘adam’) with the ability to think, to care for the environment (gnam s’i khyon), and to use it for his livelihood (‘tsho ba). And we read how God created them like himself, so that he could enjoy relationship (phan tshun legs ‘brel) with them. Then God whose name is Yahweh planted a garden for them.


ལེའུ་གཉིས་པ། 2:4 – 17

4 དེ་ནི་འཇིག་རྟེན་ཁམས་བཀོད་པའི་ལོ་རྒྱུས་ཡིན་ནོ༎


7 དེ་ནས་ཡ༷་ཝེ་དཀོན་མཆོག་གིས་ས་སྟེང་གི་ཐལ་བ་ལས་མི་བཟོས་གནང་སྟེ་དེའི་སྣ་ཁུང་ལ་སྲོག་གི་དབུགས་བླུགས་པས། མི་དེ་སྲོག་དང་ལྡན་པ་ཞིག་བྱུང་ངོ༌།

8 ཡ༷་ཝེ་དཀོན་མཆོག་གིས་ཤར་ཕྱོགས་སུ་ཡོད་པའི་ཨེ༷་དེན་ཞེས་པའི་ཡུལ་ལ་ལྡུམ་ར་ཞིག་བཟོས་གནང་སྟེ། ཁོང་གིས་མཛད་པའི་མི་དེ་ལྡུམ་ར་དེར་བཞག

9 དེ་ཡང་ལྡུམ་ར་དེའི་ནང་ཡ༷་ཝེ་དཀོན་མཆོག་གིས་ས་ནས་ཤིང་སྡོང་ལེགས་པོ་སྣ་ཚོགས་དང༌། དེ་རྣམས་ལ་འབྲས་བུ་ཞིམ་པོ་སྣ་ཚོགས་སྐྱེ་རུ་བཅུག ལྡུམ་ར་དེའི་དཀྱིལ་ལ་སྲོག་དང་ལྡན་པའི་ཤིང་དང༌། བཟང་ངན་རྟོགས་པའི་ཤིང་ཡང་སྐྱེ་བཅུག་པར་མཛད།

10 ཨེ༷་དེན་ཞེས་པའི་ཡུལ་ནས་ཆུ་ཞིག་ལྡུམ་རའི་ནང་རྒྱུགས་ཏེ་རྗེས་སུ་ཕྱིར་ཐོན་ནས་གཙང་པོ་བཞི་རུ་གྱུར།

11 གཙང་པོ་དང་པོའི་མིང་ལ་པི༷་ཤོན་ཟེར་ཞིང༌། དེ་ནི་ཧ༷་བི་ལ་ཞེས་པའི་ཡུལ་གྱི་མཐའ་ནས་རྒྱུག་གོ

12 ས་ཆ་དེར་ལྷད་མེད་པའི་གསེར་དང༌། དཀོན་པོའི་དྲི་ཞིམ་གྱི་ཆུ། གཟི་བཅས་ཐོན་གྱི་ཡོད།

13 གཙང་པོ་གཉིས་པའི་མིང་ལ་གི༷་ཧོན་ཡིན་ཏེ། དེ་ནི་ཀུ༷་ཤེ་ཞེས་པའི་ཡུལ་གྱི་མཐའ་ནས་རྒྱུག

14 གཙང་པོ་གསུམ་པའི་མིང་ནི་ཏི༷་ཀེ་ལི་སི་ཡིན་ཏེ། དེ་ནི་ཨ༷་སུར་ཞེས་པའི་ས་ཆའི་ཤར་ཕྱོགས་སུ་རྒྱུག གཙང་པོ་བཞི་པའི་མིང་ལ་ཡུ༷་ཧྥ་ལ་ཏི་ཅེས་ཟེར་རོ།

15 ཨེ༷་དེན་གྱི་ལྡུམ་རའི་ནང་འདེབས་ལས་བྱེད་པ་དང་ལྡུམ་ར་སྲུང་བའི་ཕྱིར་ཡ༷་ཝེ་དཀོན་མཆོག་གིས་མི་དེ་དེར་བཞག་གནང༌།

16 ཡ༷་ཝེ་དཀོན་མཆོག་གིས་མི་དེ་ལ་“ལྡུམ་རའི་ཤིང་སྡོང་གི་འབྲས་བུ་ཐམས་ཅད་ཁྱོད་ཀྱིས་ཟ་ཆོག

17 འོན་ཀྱང་བཟང་ངན་རྟོགས་པའི་ཤིང་གི་འབྲས་བུ་ཟ་མི་ཆོག གལ་སྲིད་དེ་བཟས་ན་ཉིན་དེར་ཁྱོད་འཆི་བར་འགྱུར་ངེས་ཡིན་”ཞེས་གསུངས།


The First Man (skyes pho)

Having formed the man from the chemical elements of the ground, Yahweh now came and not only breathed life into him, but made a fit place on earth for him to live. When there was as yet no grass (rtswa) in the open dry country (thang ther), the garden had water and trees with fruits. And the man was put there to keep it. What to say? Such satisfying occupation for his body! (I know, because I too have a beautiful garden to keep for its owner. B)


ལེའུ་གཉིས་པ། 2:18-22

18 དེ་ནས་ཡ༷་ཝེ་དཀོན་མཆོག་གིས་ “མི་འདི་གཅིག་པུར་བསྡད་ཚེ་མི་ལེགས་པས། ངས་ཁོང་དང་འཚམས་པའི་རོགས་པ་བྱེད་མཁན་ཅིག་བཟོ་བར་བྱ་”ཞེས་གསུངས།

19 ཡ༷་ཝེ་དཀོན་མཆོག་གིས་ས་སྟེང་གི་ཐལ་བ་ནས་དུད་འགྲོ་ཐམས་ཅད་དང༌། ནམ་མཁའི་བྱ་ཐམས་ཅད་མཛད། དེ་ཚོ་ཐམས་ཅད་ཀྱི་མིང་ཇི་ལྟར་བཏགས་པ་གཟིགས་པའི་ཕྱིར་མི་དེའི་རྩར་ཁྲིད་ནས། མི་དེས་དེ་ཚོ་ལ་མིང་བཏགས་པ་དེ་བཞིན་སྲོག་ཆགས་རེ་རེ་ལ་མིང་རེ་རེ་བྱུང་ངོ༌།

20 མི་དེས་ཕྱུགས་རིགས་དང༌། བྱ་བྱིའུ་དུད་གྲོ་ཐམས་ཅད་ཀྱི་མིང་བཏགས། འོན་ཀྱང་རང་གི་ཆེད་དུ་གཏན་གྲོགས་འཚམས་པོ་ཞིག་མ་བྱུང༌།

21 དེའི་ཕྱིར་ཡ༷་ཝེ་དཀོན་མཆོག་གིས་མི་དེ་གཉིད་ལྗིད་པོ་ཞིག་ཁུག་བཅུག་སྟེ། ཁོ་གཉིད་ཁུག་དུས་དཀོན་མཆོག་གིས་ཁོའི་རྩིབ་མ་གཅིག་བཏོན་ནས་ཤུལ་དེ་ནི་ཤ་ཡིས་བསྐྱོན།

22 ཡ༷་ཝེ་དཀོན་མཆོག་གིས་རྩིབ་མ་དེ་ལ་བུད་མེད་གཅིག་བཀོད་ནས་མི་དེའི་རྩར་ཁྲིད་པ་དང༌།


The First Woman

And Yahweh God also satisfied the man’s mind by bringing to him all the different sorts of animals for his curiosity. And he named them. (Children, as they grow, must learn to name things. And the work of scientists is to name and measure matter. This is the way to knowledge. I know the pleasure of it because I am a Biologist – skye dgnos rig pa’I mkhas pa )                                                                                                                              However God knew that he need a suitable companion, a spouse (gtan grogs ‘tshams po) who was both like him and different.

See how suitable she was! Read Genesis 2:23,24.


ལེའུ་གཉིས་པ། 2:23-24

23 མི་དེས་






24 དེའི་རྐྱེན་གྱིས་སྐྱེས་པས་རང་གི་ཕ་མ་བཞག་ནས་རང་གི་བུད་མེད་དང་མཉམ་དུ་འདུས་ཞིང༌། ཁོང་གཉིས་ཤ་རུས་གཅིག་ཏུ་འགྱུར།


The First state of Pure Wisdom (ye shes)

Because the man and the woman lived peacefully in God’s sight in the garden of peace, there was no suffering; they enjoyed innocent purity (ye shes).


ལེའུ་གཉིས་པ། 2:25

25 མི་དེ་དང་རང་གི་བུད་མེད་གཉིས་ཀ་གཅེར་བུར་ཡོད་ཀྱང་ངོ་ཚ་མེད་དོ༎ མིས་དཀོན་མཆོག་གི་བཀའ་ལ་མ་ཉན་པའི་སྐོར།


In Eden they had full awareness (rig pa) – that is, no ignorance of God’s mind and provision for them, and no personal desire for something different, and no resentment of his oversight of their lives.


Next time we shall read how this wisdom, this truth, this happy dwelling in the love of their Creator was destroyed. It was the cause of all mankind suffering ignorance (ma rig pa) from then onwards.




Last time we read how the man and the woman enjoyed God’s loving care of them in the Garden of Eden. Today we will read about the cause that changed their pure quality of mind (sems rgyud dag pa).


The Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil

The God of Heaven had taken counsel and made humans in His own likeness (see Genesis 1:27 with its three signatures); he now put the man and the woman in the Garden of Eden, where the One whose name is Yahweh could keep loving company with them. What to say? It was all that they needed, and it was enough.

However, Yahweh God had warned them about one tree, the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, “Do not eat its fruit, or else you will die.” But they did eat it. It was the cause (rgyu) of their change of mind. It is important that you read about this in Genesis Chapter 3.

The Snake

If you have now read Genesis, you will have learned that one of the animals hated God. He spoke to Eve words which were like the poison in the bite of a snake. He said, “As God loves you so much, did he really tell you not to eat such delicious fruit? Surely not; he would not be so unloving.”


The First Cause of Dissonant Thinking (nyon mongs)

But the snake lied. And because the woman was deceived, it was the cause of her doubting the goodness of Yahweh God; that doubt acted like poison in her mind, and changed her purity (rig pa) into ignorance of the truth (ma rig pa). And immediately she saw the beauty of the tree, and desired the taste of its fruit, and wanted in pride to become as wise as God himself.


The First Sin

The woman was deluded. As for the man, he knew well that God had said, “Don’t eat”. But he, seeing her eat, disobeyed Yahweh God and he also ate. It was an act of rebellion. Sin is not listening to God’s word, and so not doing it.


The Truth of Suffering (sdug bsngal gyi bden pa)

Next time we shall read how Yahweh God allowed the man and the woman to decide for themselves what was good and what was bad. And in future posts we shall learn how his words, saying that they would suffer and die, became true for them, and for all their descendants; this was because, after taking counsel again, Yahweh God expelled them from the Garden so as to prevent them eating from the Tree of Life


In other books of the Bible we find that in later times the snake was given the name ‘Satan’, which means in the Hebrew language ‘The Adversary’. He is the Chief Demon (gdon gyi gtso bo); and he hates and opposes God. He lies, and he puts obstacles in the path of those who are believers.

As for believers, what to say? There would be believing people who knew that God still had compassion for them, despite his law of sin and death. For God had appointed a more powerful and wonderful law even before he had planted the garden; that law was a treasure to be found that cancelled all sin and suffering and death.  Not having found and understood this mystery, yet trusting in God’s love, they would seek to find and follow the path leading to the cessation of suffering.